FM Weight Management




Surgical Indications to lose weight

  • Surgical procedures for weight loss should be reserved for patients in whom medical weight loss treatment has failed, and who are suffering from complications of extreme obesity.
  • Bariatric surgery
    • can be considered an option for patients with a BMI ≥ 40, or ≥ 35 if cardiovascular risk factors or comorbidities are present such as DM. 
  • Gastric bypass
    • has been shown to be more effective than gastric banding for weight loss and requires fewer surgeries for revision, but has more side effects.


  • High-­fat foods do not necessarily help an underweight person gain weight because they cause the person to feel full for long periods and therefore can act as an appetite suppressant
  • Snacks or small frequent meals may help and should be taken at least two hours before the next meal
  • Adding calories without adding volume to liquids consumed may be effective (e.g., adding powdered milk to regular milk to increase protein calories)